Haglund’s deformity is also known as Haglund’s heel, which is a relatively common condition. It affects soft tissue on the back side of the heel bone by creating bone extremities on Achilles’ heel bone. This is a common condition with young girls in adolescence, often connected to wearing high heel shoes, or with athletes that prefer hard trainers. Usually, the upper part of the calcaneus has a round shape. It is possible for it to acquire a square shape, with rougher edges. If a person who has such properties of their calcaneus wears rough and sharp shoes there are higher chances of developing pain typical for Haglund’s heel. It all gets even worse by wearing high heels, with the prolongation of friction causing a little bag of slime to create itself between Achilles’ hell and the calcaneus which always causes a painful swelling of the soft tissue and thickening of the skin above it.
Diagnosis and treatment
Patients suffering from Haglund’s deformity usually complain about pain and swelling around that area. Color of the skin around the area is also a noticeable shift due to the immense amount of friction to which it is exposed. Even with people who suffer from no obvious symptoms, a changed style of walking can indicate an existing issue which includes the back side of the calcaneus.
Treatment of this condition begins by using iced compresses which have a role to reduce the intensity of inflammation process, as well as changing shoes which are supposed to be soft and without any hard and non-elastic parts, particularly around the affected area. Soft risers can be put under the heel to be used while wearing shoes at this provides a slight but highly noticeable relief. After this initial stage physiotherapy follows, with an accent towards ultrasound treatment and laser therapies, as well as pulsing magnetic field therapy. Exercises which are done to improve elasticity of the Achilles’ heel and muscles of the foot are proprietary in this phase. The flexible tendon is usually less painful. If the patient is a prospering athlete, a particular attention needs to be put towards running and jumping techniques, along with selecting proper shoes, carefully crafted to fit the specific sport in question.
What to do if your condition isn’t getting better with traditional therapies?
Once all conservative methods of treatment have been tried and there was no noticeable improvement, surgery treatment follows. Depending on a whole list of factors the surgery may be simple and minimal, including surgery on soft tissue exclusively, while it can also be a significant operation, with a long period of time being reserved for recovery. It is indeed a complex problem which can become much worse if you’re not tending to it. Since it is such a slow progressing issue, most people don’t do anything and find themselves suddenly overwhelmed with symptoms and additional problems. This is why it is very important to seek out medical assistance as fast as possible, to make sure you get the most out of your physical and surgical therapies.